1861: American Civil War
Arkansas secedes from the Union and joins the Confederacy.
1889: Eiffel Tower opens
A famous landmark in Paris, France, built for the 1889 World's Fair.
1937: Hindenburg disaster
A German airship caught fire and crashed in New Jersey, killing 36 people.
1954: Roger Bannister runs the first sub-four mile
A British athlete breaks a long-standing record in Oxford, England.
1994: Nelson Mandela becomes South Africa's first black president
Elected in the country's first multi-racial election.
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