The American Revolution: Key Founding Fathers and their Role

Find out what a crucial part the Founding Fathers played in the American Revolution. Investigate the role that historical icons like Washington, Jefferson, and Franklin played in influencing the formation of a nation.

Founding FatherRole
George WashingtonCommander-in-Chief of the Continental Army
Thomas JeffersonPrincipal author of the Declaration of Independence
Benjamin FranklinDiplomat and advocate for independence
John AdamsLeading advocate for independence and diplomat
Alexander HamiltonAdvocate for a strong central government
John JayDiplomat and co-author of The Federalist Papers
James MadisonFather of the Constitution and co-author of The Federalist Papers
Patrick HenryKnown for his famous “Give me liberty or give me death” speech
Samuel AdamsLeader of the Sons of Liberty and advocate for independence
Thomas PaineAuthor of “Common Sense” and “The American Crisis”
John HancockPresident of the Second Continental Congress
Richard Henry LeeIntroduced the resolution for independence
Paul ReverePatriot and messenger during the Revolutionary War
Ethan AllenLeader of the Green Mountain Boys in Vermont
Roger ShermanHelped draft the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution
Robert MorrisFinancier of the American Revolution
John DickinsonDrafted the Articles of Confederation
George MasonInfluential advocate for individual rights and state sovereignty
Gouverneur MorrisHelped draft the Constitution and the Preamble
John WitherspoonSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Benjamin RushPhysician and signer of the Declaration of Independence
Charles CarrollSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Elbridge GerrySigner of the Declaration of Independence and later Vice President
Caesar RodneySigner of the Declaration of Independence
John DickinsonSigner of the Constitution and the Articles of Confederation
John MarshallChief Justice of the United States Supreme Court
John AdamsSecond President of the United States
Thomas JeffersonThird President of the United States
James MadisonFourth President of the United States
James MonroeFifth President of the United States
Alexander HamiltonFirst Secretary of the Treasury
Henry KnoxSecretary of War and Continental Army general
Edmund RandolphFirst Attorney General of the United States
John JayFirst Chief Justice of the United States
Samuel ChaseSupreme Court Justice and signer of the Declaration of Independence
Oliver EllsworthSupreme Court Justice and drafter of the Judiciary Act
Patrick HenryGovernor of Virginia and renowned orator
George ClintonVice President of the United States
Aaron BurrVice President of the United States and controversial figure
John DickinsonPresident of Delaware and signer of the Constitution
Nathaniel GorhamPresident of the Continental Congress and signer of the Constitution
Arthur St. ClairPresident of the Continental Congress and Governor of the Northwest Territory
Cyrus GriffinPresident of the Continental Congress
Peyton RandolphFirst President of the Continental Congress
Thomas McKeanPresident of Delaware and signer of the Declaration of Independence
Arthur MiddletonSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Thomas Heyward Jr.Signer of the Declaration of Independence
Edward RutledgeSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Button GwinnettSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Lyman HallSigner of the Declaration of Independence
George WytheSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Richard Henry LeeSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Francis Lightfoot LeeSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Carter BraxtonSigner of the Declaration of Independence
William FloydSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Philip LivingstonSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Francis LewisSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Lewis MorrisSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Abraham ClarkSigner of the Declaration of Independence
John HartSigner of the Declaration of Independence
John MortonSigner of the Declaration of Independence
George ClymerSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Benjamin RushSigner of the Declaration of Independence
James SmithSigner of the Declaration of Independence
George TaylorSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Joseph HewesSigner of the Declaration of Independence
William HooperSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Robert Treat PaineSigner of the Declaration of Independence
Elbridge GerrySigner of the Declaration of Independence

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