Timeline of the Byzantine Empire: Major Emperors and Events

The Byzantine Empire, often known as the Eastern Roman Empire, lasted for more than a thousand years and had a major impact on Mediterranean history. The empire had several rulers during its existence from 330 AD to its demise in 1453, and it underwent significant events that affected politics, society, and religion. We’ll travel across time in this blog post as we examine the significant rulers and occasions that shaped the Byzantine Empire’s history.

YearEmperorEvents
527Justinian IJustinian’s Code, Hagia Sophia construction
610HeracliusByzantine-Sasanian War, recovery of True Cross
717Leo IIISiege of Constantinople by the Umayyads
780IreneBecomes the first empress regnant
843TheodoraRestoration of icons
1054TheodoraEast-West Schism
1081Alexios I KomnenosStart of the Komnenian Restoration
1095Alexios I KomnenosByzantine request for the First Crusade
1204Alexios I KomnenosFourth Crusade, Sack of Constantinople
1261Michael VIIIRecapture of Constantinople
1347John VI KantakouzenosByzantine civil war
1453Constantine XIFall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire
1453Constantine XIEnd of the Byzantine Empire
1453Mehmed the ConquerorEstablishment of the Ottoman Empire
1922Mehmed VIEnd of the Ottoman Empire
1935Mehmed VIAbolition of the last Ottoman sultanate
330Constantine IFounding of Constantinople
395Theodosius IFinal division of the Roman Empire
476Romulus AugustulusFall of the Western Roman Empire
527Justin IAdoption of the Justinian Code
565Justin IIInvasion of the Lombards
610PhocasOverthrow and execution of Maurice
641Heraclius ConstantineByzantine-Arab Wars
668Constantine IVSiege of Constantinople by the Arabs
717Leo IIIIconoclasm controversy
726Leo IIIEmperor’s iconoclastic edict
800Irene of AthensCrowning of Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor
811Nikephoros IBattle of Pliska against the Bulgars
843TheodoraTreaty of Verdun, division of Carolingian Empire
886Basil IFounding of the Macedonian Dynasty
907AlexanderFailed reconquest of Crete
976Basil IIExpansion of Byzantine territory
1054Michael I CerulariusGreat Schism
1071Romanos IVDefeat at the Battle of Manzikert
1081Alexios I KomnenosRestoration of Byzantine Empire
1204RomaniaeLatin Empire established in Constantinople
1261Michael VIIIReconquest of Constantinople

In a changing globe, the Byzantine Empire served as a bastion of civilisation. The empire saw the rise and fall of emperors, navigated through wars and conflicts, and made significant contributions to art, law, and religion from its modest beginnings in the 4th century to its spectacular end in the 15th. The intricate and rich history of the Byzantine Empire continues to enthral scholars and fans alike, serving as a constant reminder of the lasting impact of this amazing civilisation.

We obtain a greater comprehension of the Byzantine Empire’s influence and significance as we think back on the significant emperors and occasions that moulded it. The Byzantine Empire, despite its final fall, is still indelibly etched into the annals of human history, serving as a constant reminder of the intricacies of political power, intercultural communication, and the enduring impact of empires.

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