Timeline of the Russian Revolution: Key Events and Leaders

A series of political and social upheavals that saw Russia go from being an absolute monarchy to a communist state to a democracy are what make up the Russian Revolution timeline, which runs from the late 19th century to the present. The significant historical occurrences include the unsuccessful 1905 revolution, the 1917 February and October Revolutions, the ensuing civil war, the emergence of Joseph Stalin and the Soviet Union, and the final fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.

No.Key EventsYearsLeaders
1Bloody Sunday1905Tsar Nicholas II
2February Revolution1917Alexander Kerensky
3April Theses1917Vladimir Lenin
4October Revolution1917Vladimir Lenin
5Treaty of Brest-Litovsk1918Leon Trotsky
6Red Terror1918-1922Felix Dzerzhinsky
7Russian Civil War1918-1922Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin
8Establishment of the Soviet Union1922Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev
9New Economic Policy (NEP)1921-1928Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky
10Death of Vladimir Lenin1924Joseph Stalin
11Stalin’s rise to power1920s-1930sJoseph Stalin
12Collectivization and Five-Year Plans1928-1938Joseph Stalin
13Great Purge and Show Trials1936-1938Joseph Stalin
14Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact1939Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov
15Soviet Union enters World War II1941Joseph Stalin
16Siege of Leningrad1941-1944Georgy Zhukov
17Battle of Stalingrad1942-1943Georgy Zhukov
18Yalta Conference1945Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill
19Soviet atomic bomb test1949Joseph Stalin
20Cuban Missile Crisis1962Nikita Khrushchev
21Brezhnev Doctrine1968Leonid Brezhnev
22Solidarity movement in Poland1980Lech Walesa
23Chernobyl disaster1986Mikhail Gorbachev
24August Coup1991Boris Yeltsin, Mikhail Gorbachev
25Dissolution of the Soviet Union1991Boris Yeltsin
26Russian apartment bombings1999Vladimir Putin
27Beslan school hostage crisis2004Vladimir Putin
28Annexation of Crimea2014Vladimir Putin
29Russian military intervention in Syria2015-2022Vladimir Putin
30Poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal in the UK2018Vladimir Putin
31Constitutional reforms and extension of Putin’s term2020Vladimir Putin
32Alexei Navalny poisoning and arrest2020-2021Vladimir Putin
33Russian military buildup near Ukraine2021Vladimir Putin
34Crackdown on protests in support of Navalny2021Vladimir Putin
35Satellite test that created space debris2022Vladimir Putin
36Massive fuel spill in the Arctic2020Vladimir Putin
37Russian troops massing near Ukraine’s border2021Vladimir Putin
38Imprisonment of opposition leader Dmitry Gudkov2021Vladimir Putin
39Announcement of Russia’s new hypersonic missile system2022Vladimir Putin
40Large-scale cyberattacks on Western targets2021-2022Russian state-sponsored hackers
41Crackdown on independent media and journalists2022Vladimir Putin
42Russia’s military buildup in the Arctic2022Vladimir Putin
43Passing of new laws restricting online freedom2022Vladimir Putin
44Escalation of tensions with NATO2022Vladimir Putin
45Approval of new constitutional amendments2022Vladimir Putin
46Russia’s intervention in Belarus2020-2021Vladimir Putin, Alexander Lukashenko
47The arrest of Belarusian opposition leader Roman Protasevich2021Alexander Lukashenko, Vladimir Putin
48Increased military presence in Syria2021-2022Vladimir Putin
49The launch of Russia’s new satellite constellation2022Vladimir Putin
50Dissolution of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation1991Boris Yeltsin

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